Retina Services

Tirupati Eye Centre has the expertise and equipment to deal with all Retinal Disorders like Diabetic Retinopathy, Age related Macular Degeneration (AMD), Retinal Venous Occlusions, Retinal Detachment, etc. This centre is has been an investigative centre for several multicentric clinical trials for latest treatment modalities like anti VEGFs (Lucentis) for the treatment of age related macular degeneration.

State-of-art equipment is available for inestigatins as well as treatment of retinal disorders


Investigative equipment includes:

FFA (Fundus fluorescin angiography) camera (Canon)

Fundus fluorescin angiography

OCT (Optical coherence tomography (Rtivue)


Ultrasound B Scan (Seour)

 Ultrasound B Scan

Therapeutic equiment includes:

green laser 532 nm (Nidek)

red laser 810 nm (Iridex)

Vitrectomy associate 6000 (DORC)

Microscope with resight system and Sony 3 chip camera (Zeiss visu 140)

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a deterioration or breakdown of the macula. The macula is a small area in the retina at the back of the eye that allows you to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving. When the macula does not function correctly, your central vision can be affected by blurriness, dark areas or distortion. Macular degeneration affects your ability to see near and far, and can make some activities — like threading a needle or reading — difficult or impossible.

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What do I do if I see Floaters & Flashes?

You may sometimes see small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision. They are called floaters. You can often see them when looking at a plain background, like a blank wall or blue sky. Floaters are actually tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous , the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye.

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FFA (Fundus Fluorescein angiography)

Fluorescein angiography, a clinical test to look at blood circulation inside the eye, aids in the diagnosis of retinal conditions associated with diabetes, age-related macular degeneration, and other eye abnormalities. Fluorescein, an orange-red dye, is injected into a vein in the arm. The dye travels through the body to the blood vessels in the retina. A special camera with a filter flashes a blue light into the eye and takes multiple photographs of the can also help monitor the course of a disease and its treatment. It may be repeated on multiple occasions. No X-rays are involved. If there are abnormal blood vessels, the dye leaks into the retina or stains the blood vessels. Damage to the lining of the retina or atypical new blood vessels may be revealed as well. These abnormalities are determined through a careful interpretation of the photographs by an ophthalmologist

Laser Treatment for Retina

There are special lasers for diabetic retinopathy,central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO), Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), retinal holes, lattice degeneration, central serous retinopathy (CSR) etc. Micropulse diode laser (low intensity red laser) is used for macular diseases.

Photodynamic Therapy

In photodynamic therapy, a combination of a dye-like substance and laser are used to reduce the leaking from abnormal vessels (choroidal neovascularization) under the macula. The patient is injected with verteporphin, which selectively collects in the abnormal leaking vessels under the fovea, the part of the eye that is responsible for our color vision and ability to see detail. A non-thermal laser is then used to "activate" the dye in the leaky vessels. Because the laser used in photodynamic therapy is less intense than that used for laser photocoagulation, this treatment is believed to prevent damage to the retina and fovea.

Transpupillary Thermotherapy

TT is an alternative therapy for choroidal neovascularization. This procedure involves the use of a special lens that is placed over the cornea. A laser beam is then passed through the lens to treat leaking vessels.

Tirupati eye centre specializes in the field of retina. Fundus Fluorescein angiography camera is available for diagnosis and photography of retinal diseases and Recording of optic nerve changes in Glaucoma.

Lasers are available for laser procedures on the retina especially for diabeties, hypertention, retinal tears and weak areas and age related macular degenerations (AMD). The senior retina specialists at Tirupati Eye Center have received many years training in retina and have been practicing the latest techniques in diagnosis and treatment of retinal disorders for the past 14 years.

Tirupati Eye Centre is carrying out various studies on latest trends in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy and age related macular degeneration including intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injections and transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) , Photodynamic Therapy (PDT), Intravitral Bacivizumab (Avastin) and ranibizumab ( Lucentis).